Tel Hazor - 30mm, 16.96g, 10 New Shekels, 22k Gold Proof Coin
Fifth in the "UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Israel" Coin Series of the Bank of Israel
Situated north of the Sea of Galilee, Tel Hazor is the largest biblical-era archaeological site in Israel. Like Tel Megiddo featured on the previous coin in this series, Tel Hazor is a an archaeological mound, a testimony to the Canaanite cities of the Bronze Age and the Biblical cities of the Iron Age, that had impressive levels of town planning, architecture, fortifications and water collection technologies. The City of Hazor was built on fertile soil and strategically located on an important trade route running from Egypt in the South to Mesopotamia in the north.
The upper city of Hazor, known as the "Acropolis", was the first area to be settled in the third millennium BCE in Canaanite times, early Bronze Age, while the lower city (the fortified enclosure) was settled around the 18th century BCE. Canaanite Hazor, which appears to have been one of the largest, strongest and most central cities of the time, was destroyed by the Israelites under the leadership of Joshua (Joshua Chap. 11). The city was rebuilt and fortified by King Solomon (1 Kings 9) in the tenth century BCE. It prospered in the days of Ahab and Jeroboam II in the ninth and eighth centuries BCE, but was finally destroyed by the Assyrians (2 Kings 15) in 732 BCE.
Archaeological excavations at Tel Hazor have revealed remains dating from the Bronze Age – sanctuaries, fortresses, palace, orthostats (stone slabs set at the base of a wall), basalt sculptures and plates with Hieroglyphic inscriptions. Remains of the Israelite period include a high cultic place, a six-chambered gate and casemate wall from the time of King Solomon, similar to those discovered at Megiddo. A solid wall fortification and buildings, including a store house, thought to date from the time of King Ahab, have been found. In addition, a sophisticated water system, very similar to the system found at Tel Megiddo, has been revealed.
Representing an interchange of human values throughout the ancient near-east and being a testimony to an ancient civilization with a high level of engineering and technology, Tel Hazor was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, in 2005.
The coin reverse presents remains of the Canaanite and Israelite periods.
Design: Obverse - Gideon Sagi , Reverse - Eitan Hendel